The first movie had bits of the The Thing in the Crypt, Tower of the Elephant, and an homage to Queen of the Black Coast. The second movie had an homage to Thak the Ape-Man from Rogues in the House. That's all I remember. There might be more in the second movie.
The evil socerer who turned into the ape man was called Thoth-Amon
too. I have no idea where the Malak
character came from, I believe that he was originally supposed to be Subotai
but maybe Gerry Lopez didn't want to be part of it. There's some dialogue (the camel scene) that this Malak shouldn't know about but Subotai would. Who knows. As for Bombaata
, there was a character so named in the story "Hawks Over Shem" who's a Kushite Captain of the Guard, so I'd guess that's what Wilt's character was based on. Oh hey, come to think of it, King Akhirom's
father was a Shemite called Azumelek
in the same story, so maybe that's where Malak came from.