Ship's Locker: Out of the Closet


Cosmic Mongoose
Top 9 Plants that Provide Oxygen
Author: Tanya Sood Published: 10th August, 2019

With the rising level of pollutions, the air around is deteriorating day by day. This increases the chances of diseases like asthma, sinus, bronchitis, and many other breathing problems. While the government and other health regulatory bodies are working on the best possible solutions, individuals have to take steps in control to help the pollution levels go down. One can not avoid the pollution and inhaling toxic substances, one can still make sure sufficient supply of clean air and oxygen indoors with indoor plants. Keeping plants indoors not only improves air quality but can also improve your mental health and make you feel more peaceful.

The Weeping Fig
Ficus Plant, commonly known as the weeping fig is a beautiful foliage air purifying plant. It is a common house plant with various benefits. It is one of the best air purifying plant and has been recognized by NASA, for effective at cleansing airborne formaldehyde, xylene and toluene. By keeping this plant in your house you can improve the quality of the air you breathe indoors, and stay healthy.

Aloe Vera Plant
A perennial succulent, aloe vera is known for being good for your skin. It is often known as the wonder plant as it has many medical benefits and is a known herb. It is an excellent plant for purifying the air, as it removes benzene and formaldehyde from the air. It is also known for releasing oxygen at night. It is an excellent indoor plant for oxygen.

Pothos Plant
A beautiful and lively foliage plant, pothos is very easy to take care of! It is an excellent plant to improve air quality inside the house. It is known for emitting toxins from the air like formaldehyde, benzene and carbon monoxide. It is an admirable indoor plant for oxygen and releases oxygen at night.

Spider Plant
The spider plant is one of the easiest indoor plants to grow. The spider plant is known to improve the air quality by filtering out carbon monoxide, formaldehyde and benzene. It is a magnificent indoor plant for oxygen. It is also known for spreading happy vibes and helping with anxiety & stress management.

Areca Palm
Known for absorbing harmful pollutants from the air, Areca palm is one of the best indoor plants for purifying the air. Areca Palm is not only known for purifying the air but also helps with the proper development of children and fetus. Keeping this plant in the house helps with the strengthening the nervous system as well.

Snake Plant
Excellent air purifying foliage, Snake plant is one of the most loves indoor plants. It is recognized by NASA for purifying the air and absorbing toxins like formaldehyde, nitrogen oxide, benzene, xylene and trichloroethylene. It is known for adding oxygen to the room and absorbing CO2.

Spiritual foliage, Tulsi plant has several benefits. Keeping this plant in the house is known to bring good health and luck into the house. It is known for protecting the house from evil. Apart from its spiritual benefits, the Tulsi plant is known as the queen of herbs and has several health benefits. Keeping Tulsi plant inside the house increases the supply of oxygen as it gives out oxygen 20 hours a day. It also absorbs harmful gases like carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide from the air.

Bamboo Plant
The bamboo plant removes toluene from the air which is a colourless liquid with a pungent smell and has harmful effects like nose, eyes, & throat irritation. It also filters out harmful toxins from the atmosphere like benzene, & formaldehyde. Keeping a bamboo plant at home can increase oxygen levels tremendously.

Gerbera Daisy
The colourful flowering plant not only makes the house look beautiful but is an excellent indoor plant for oxygen. As per NASA’s Clean Air Study, Gerbera Daisy removes pollutants from the air like formaldehyde, benzene and trichloroethylene. It is also known for releasing oxygen at night and absorbing CO2.


Cosmic Mongoose
How 1. to Shoot the Shockwave w/ Demonstrated Concepts

Rhett Neumayer is a guy with some really interesting and innovative thoughts on small arms training and handling. He runs Demonstrated Concepts, offering training classes on a variety of different firearms. You can check out his web site here:

Today, he is going to teach me how to properly use a Shockwave-type shotgun - exactly the thing I got some notoriety for haranguing a Mossberg rep about at SHOT several years ago. To Rhett, this configuration offers a number of advantages (including not being NFA regulated and being smaller than a stocked gun) and his shooting technique overcomes its limitations while exploiting its advantages.

So...let's see if I can get some shots on target without punching my teeth out!

1. Semi pistol grip?

2. Recoil scrap.

3. Probably useful repelling boarders.

4. Or, boarding.


Cosmic Mongoose

Why NASA Will Pay $3.5Billion to Rent Space Suits Instead Of Building Their Own.

This week NASA announced the winners of its space suit contract for ISS and Artemis - Axiom Space and Collins Aerospace. Unlike traditional space suit contracts this isn't to buy the suits, but to rent them for specific missions, outsourcing the responsibilities after NASA's internal development program repeatedly failed to deliver a final product.

NASA's xEMU program was supposed to be developing the space suit for Lunar surface operations, but despite lots of innovative research the project never managed to deliver a suit that could proceed to testing and operation. With the Artemis program already setting schedules the suit requirements looked like one of the big blockers after the Launch vehicle and lander.

1. Basic cost for the Chinese, five megabux each.

2. Intake, outtake.

3. Recycling internal ecosystem.


Cosmic Mongoose

Why are UNSC Weapons so powerful!? | The Armory

In this episode: We look at the specifics of UNSC Ballistics to see if we can't identify why UNSC Weapons are so much more powerful than their modern-day counterparts.


Cosmic Mongoose

A.I. Just Designed An Enzyme That Eats Plastic

ColdFusion is an Australian based online media company independently run by Dagogo Altraide since 2009. Topics cover anything in science, technology, history and business in a calm and relaxed environment.

1. Enzymes in their comfort zones.

2. Controllable reproduction.


Cosmic Mongoose

The Mammoth M3 Carbine early infra-red, night vision scope with firearms expert Christian Wellard

It's Jonathan's week off so join our Curator of Firearms Christian Wellard as he explores the bulky M3 Carbine. Developed at the end of the Second World War, the M3 was trialled by British forces in Korea and Malaya and despite its hefty size and weight, was well liked by troops.

What is this Weapon is brought to you this week for the first time by our Curator of Firearms, Christian Wellard.

1. Size matters.

2. Proto laser carbine.

3. Peaked Blinder.


Cosmic Mongoose

The Scientific Principle Of The Railgun

Let's take a look at the scientific principles behind how railguns work.

1. Twenty five megawatts.

2. Twenty thousand households.


Cosmic Mongoose
Gause versus Gunpowder

1. I was sort of surprised to learn that the Confederation had standardized smallarms across both military arms, and the Home Guards, possibly some planetary militias.

2. Outside of ammunition homogenization, which turns out is a real issue, the participants appear to be willing to expend more resources in maintaining gause based personal weapon systems.

3. Armourers are going to have to be proficient in both mechanics and electronics.

4. If you establish caches of gause rifles, you're to likely need to have familiarity with technological level twelve technology.

5. This will probably work out for large interstellar militaries, and it seems the auxiliaries that they support.

6. Besides the obvious differences between advanced combat rifles and the gause teched ones.

7. You can probably strip out all the electrical and electronic components from an advanced combat rifle, and it will still work.


Cosmic Mongoose
Bomb, I Ask Ya

1. Earthquake costs a hundred kilostarbux for five deadly dice, so no.

2. Guided munition increases cost by fifty percent, and glide range half of launched altitude.

3. Heavy costs eight kilostarbux for three deadly dice, possible

4. Medium costs four kilostarbux for two deadly dice, possible.

5. Heavy explosive costs one and a half kilostarbux for one deadly dice, possible.

6. Has to be cheaper than an equivalent missile, though they are technological level four.


Cosmic Mongoose
Bomb, I Ask Ya

Type 99 No. 80 Mk 5
– Ordnance Type: Armor-piercing bomb
– Weight: 797 kg
– Warhead: 30 kg HE
– CaS Damage Points: 10
– Armor Penetration DB: 8/10
– Armor Penetration LB: 8/15/17
– Modified 16 inch armor-piercing shell. Very
low explosive loading.

Armor-piercing bombs had thick steel cases, a relatively small explosive charge, and a delayed fuse that did not detonate the explosive until a few tenths of a second or more after the bomb hit a substantial solid surface. This gave time for the bomb to penetrate before detonating. AP bombs were useful against armored ships, bunkers, concrete runways, and other hardened targets.

The Japanese apparently did not develop an armor-piercing bomb until 1941. The Type 99 Number 80 Mark 5, used at Pearl Harbor, was remanufactured from obsolete 16" battleship shells. Out of a total weight of 800 kg (1760 lbs), the bomb had a charge of just 23 kg (50 pounds) of Type 91 explosive. The Type 99 had two base fuzes with 0.2 second delay that were insensitive enough to require impact on armor plate for fuze initiation. One such bomb went clear through Vestal at Pearl Harbor to explode on the harbor floor under the ship. The Type 99 was judged capable of penetrating 5.75" (146mm) of deck armor when dropped from a height of 10,000 feet (3000m). Unfortunately for the Japanese, the Type 99 had a high dud rate, due to weaknesses in the bomb case introduced during the remanufacturing process and poor quality control with the explosive fill. Of those that scored hits at Pearl Harbor, 20% failed to explode and another 40% yielded only low order explosions. The Japanese never developed an armor-piercing bomb light enough to be carried by a dive bomber, probably because they did not believe it was possible to develop a lighter AP bomb capable of penetrating battleship deck armor, and possibly also because of the shortage of the high-quality steel required for such weapons.

The Americans began the war with armor-piercing bombs that closely resembled the Type 99 Number 80 Mark 5. These came in four models varying in weight from 1000 lbs (454 kg) to 600 lbs (272 kg). Like the Type 99, they were converted shells with a relatively small explosive fill (typically about 5% of the total weight) of ammonium picrate. However, in May 1942 the Americans introduced the AP Mark 1, which weighed 1600 lbs (726 kg) of which 240 lbs (109 kg) was high explosive. The Mark 1 could penetrate a 5" (13.7cm) deck from 7500' (2900m) or from 4500' (1370m) in a 300 knot 60 degree dive. This bomb was so heavy that only the TBF Avenger or SB2C Helldiver was capable of carrying it, and it was rare for a carrier to have more than 20 Mark 1 bombs in its magazine. Much more widely used was the Mark 33, introduced in October 1942, which weighed 1000 lbs (454kg) of which 150 lbs (68 kg) was high explosive. The Mark 33 could penetrate a 5" deck from 10,000' (3050m) or from 6500' (1980m) when dropped from a dive bomber in a 300 knot 60 degree dive.

1. Siege gun shell - four deadly dice, five kilostarbux, weight unknown, armour penetration ten.

2. Demolition gun shell - one deadly dice, five hundred starbux, weight unknown, armour penetration ten.

3. Heavy gun shell - one deadly dice, four hundred starbux, weight unknown, armour penetration eight.

4. Heavy bombardment shell - three deadly dice, two and a half kilostarbux, weight unknown.

5. Bombardment shell - two deadly dice, one and a half kilostarbux, weight unknown.


Cosmic Mongoose


00:00 - M134 MINIGUN
02:07 - SVLK-14S
03:51 - KELTEC P50
06:40 - SMITH & WESSON MODEL 500
07:34 - IWI ARAD
08:38 - MILKOR MGL
09:36 - UTAS UTS-15

1. Aero clamp twenty five percent.

2. Modular barrel receiver.

3. Fixed barrels.

4. Barrel magazine.

5. Amphibious.

6. Lego gun.

7. Foldable barrel.

8. Integrated silencer, though should be combined with caseless ammunition.


Cosmic Mongoose

Can you really drive while facing backwards?

The team at Sparkmate asked if I had any ideas for things to build. And I realised that, yes, I had a question to answer: and it all goes back to an old kids' television show called "Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons"...

1. Child car seat.

2. Might be something the Hivers would use.

3. Technically speaking, when the spaceship flips over, you are flying backwards.


Cosmic Mongoose
Bus of the Future: Bus-TED!!!

1. This is hilarious.

2. Flying saucer with in line skates.

3. The rocket buses are unviable.

4. Pneumatic tube transport - constant acceleration upto human endurance.

5. Training wheels.

6. Rocket tail lander dreamcatcher.


Condottiere said: Our primary job is to make Travelling sneakier and hard hitting. Click to expand... The sole purpose of any weapon is to make a fight HORRENDOUSLY UNFAIR...with the advantage going to the person using the weapon. Ideally, it makes a fight so unfair that if the opposition finds out you have the weapon they find some very good reasons to be elsewhere...  
The nice answer!


Cosmic Mongoose
T-45 Powered Combat Infantry Armor | Fallout

One of the last great developments of the pre-war era, T-45 power armor revolutionized warfare. Now it is a priceless treasure reserved for warlords and wanderers of the wastelands.

The Templin Institute. Investigating alternate worlds.

Space Marine Terminator Armour.

Without the Marine.

Or Space.


Cosmic Mongoose

00:00 - Arsenal Firearms AF2011A1
01:15 - GM6 Lynx
02:19 - HK XM8
03:37 - Rheinmetall Fieldranger Multi
04:35 - USFA ZiP 22
05:44 - Gilboa DBR Snake
06:44 - Dardick Pistol
08:02 - Gyrojet
09:06 - Kel-Tec PMR 30
10:02 - ShAK-12
11:06 - M-41A Pulse Rifle
12:32 - OSP 30
13:36 - DoubleStar Zombie AK-47

1. I've become a little sceptical about double barrelled magazined weapons.

2. Flare gun, with sub calibre sleeves.
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Cosmic Mongoose

Keitora: Tiny Trucks - Japanology Plus

Keitora [軽トラ] are ultra-compact (kei) pickup trucks ubiquitous in Japan that combine cargo-carrying and off-road capabilities with economy and maneuverability.

youtube ZtPZ-EyAyWY

1. Fair/way/raft

2. Starship embarkable.

3. Modular.

4. You could use it to sell, market and/or promote your speculative goods.

5. Alternative to golf carts.

6. Mobile home.
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Cosmic Mongoose
MREs - What do Soldiers Eat?

Food Rations from the 19th century to the present day.
Meal, Ready-to-Eat
The modern ration has been refined over many years and various conflicts to be both nutritionally balanced and contain all the calories a soldier requires when in the field, with one MRE bag containing approximately 1250 calories. In addition to this, the MRE has been designed to fulfil all operational requirements. This means that they remain shelf stable for a minimum of three years, or nine months in warmer climates. They also are highly durable and have the ability to survive non-parachute drops of 100 feet and parachute drops of 1250 feet. With all these elements considered, a soldier can eat a full, nutritional meal wherever they find themselves.

1. R Ration - rice.

2. Arrr Ration - rum.


Cosmic Mongoose
ArcFlash Labs EMG-02 CoilGun: Making SciFi Weapons Into Reality

ArcFlash Labs has come out with a new coil gun design that takes the best elements of their underpowered EMG-01 and their overly bulky GR-1 Anvil and melded them into a much handier EMG-02. This new design maintains the same muzzle velocity as the Anvil (200-250 fps / 60-75 m/s) but uses smaller projectiles (5/16" armatures). It is far better handling, with the balance much improved by having a single large capacitor mounted at the rear and a battery directly under the grip. That battery is also now a commercial off-the-shelf rechargeable lithium-ion type.

It's quite a lot of fun to shoot, and I am excited to see where this technology continues to develop!

Safety - remove battery.